Community Conservation Assistance Program (CCAP)
CCAP is a voluntary, incentive-based program to install best management practices on urban, suburban and rural lands. Through CCAP, educational, technical and financial assistance is provided to landowners.
This program was developed due to the population growth and development at record rates in North Carolina. It was developed to educate citizens about improving water quality. The program’s goals are to treat polluted storm water runoff and improve the water quality of our state’s waterways.
Homeowners, businesses, schools, parks, churches and other civic and community groups- essentially, all private and public owned lands are eligible for the program. Landowners submit an application to their local soil & water conservation districts to determine ranking. If the proposal is eligible, a conservation plan is prepared for the applicant to install the BMP (Best Management Practices). The land owner may be reimbursed up to 75 percent of the pre-established average cost.
Best Management Practices include:
Backyard Rain Gardens
- Riparian Buffers
- Backyard Rain Gardens
- Streambank and Shoreline Protection
- Pet Waste Receptacles
- Impervious Surface Conversion
- Vegetation Establishment
- Permeable Pavement
, also known as bioretention areas in larger scale settings, are small depressions in the landscape that are used to collect stormwater runoff for a short period of time. They typically hold water less than 48 hours. Rain gardens are placed between stormwater runoff sources such as roofs and driveways and the nearby receiving waters such as storm drains or creeks. Rain gardens can include a variety of trees, shrubs, and perennial plants that provide habitat and help treat runoff. Riparian Buffers
are areas of native trees and shrubs located adjacent to a body of water. These buffers serve as a barrier to nonpoint source pollution from storm water. Buffers also filter runoff, control flooding, protect property from erosion and provide essential wildlife habitat.Backyard Wetlands
, known as storm water wetlands on a larger scale, are constructed to mimic the function of natural wetlands. They are intended to hold water and are planted in naturally wet area. Backyard wetlands temporarily store, filter and clean storm water runoff using plants that thrive in wet conditions. Wetlands also provide wildlife habitat, flood water storage and they replenish groundwater. Cisterns
are above or below ground storage tanks designed for collecting rainwater for use in watering lawns, gardens, landscape or indoor plants. Cisterns are intended to reduce storm water runoff, encourage runoff infiltration and conserve water.Stream bank and shoreline Protection
is the use of vegetation to stabilize and prevent erosion of the banks of streams, lakes or other waterways. This BMP restores the natural function of the stream and improves water quality. Erosion leads to sediment build up, loss of habitat, flooding, loss of property and poor water quality. This practice prevents erosion, restores wildlife habitat, reduces flooding and filters polluted runoff.Pet Waste Receptacles
are designed to encourage pet owners to pick up after their animals. When maintained properly, this practice prevents harmful bacteria from entering waterways. This BMP is not intended for use by individual homeowners. Impervious surface conversion
are land covers such as driveways and roads that do not allow percolation of rainwater into ground or vegetation. This BMP allows for removal of impervious surfaces and conversion to a more permeable surface. This practice must be combined with vegetation establishment or permeable pavement installation. Vegetation Establishment
involves planting woody plant species using seedling, potted specimens or burlap specimens for the purposes of water quality improvement, erosion control, and wildlife habitat and energy conservation. This BMP is only eligible as a component of impervious surface conversion. Permeable Pavement
is an alternative to conventional concrete and asphalt paving; it allows runoff to soak back into the ground instead of running off. Permeable pavement can be used for driveways, walkways and low flow parking lots. These materials reduce runoff, decrease flooding, filter pollutants and recharge groundwater. This BMP is only eligible as a component of impervious surface conversion.
- Grassed swales
- Critical area plantings
- Diversions and stream restoration
- Abandoned Well Closure